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080290081 Radar and Navigational Aids ECE 8th Semester Anna University Coimbatore Syllabus Regulation 2008

Anna university Coimbatore Syllabus

080290081 Radar and Navigational Aids ECE 8th Semester Anna University Coimbatore Syllabus Regulation 2008

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering 

Meant for Anna University Coimbatore

(Regulation 2008/2010)
University:Anna University
Year: Fourth Year
Department: B.E Electronics and Communication Engineering 
Semester:  (VIII) 
Content: 080290081 Radar and Navigational Aids ECE 8th Semester Anna University Coimbatore Syllabus Regulation 2008
Post Type: Syllabus

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Basic Radar The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block Diagram- Radar Frequencies Applications of Radar The Origins of Radar-The Radar
Equation-Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-to-Noise Ratio- Probability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm- Integration
of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section Fluctuations- Transmitter Power-Pulse Repetition Frequency- Antenna Parameters-System losses Other Radar Equation Considerations-

UNIT II                  MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR                                    

Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target Detector - Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse Doppler Radar Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar Monopulse Tracking – Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing  - Limitations to Tracking Accuracy - Low-Angle Tracking - Tracking in Range - Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of Trackers - Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT).

UNIT III RADAR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER                                             
Radar Transmitters:

Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power Sources - Magnetron - Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other aspects of Radar Transmitter-

Radar Receivers :

The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure - Superheterodyne Receiver - Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays.

Detection of Signals in Noise :

Matched Filter Receiver Detection Criteria Detectors -Automatic Detector - Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal Management - Propagation Radar Waves - Atmospheric Refraction -Standard propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar Antenna - Reflector Antennas - Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase Shifters - Frequency-Scan Arrays.

UNIT IV                RADIO DIRECTION FINDING & RANGES                                
The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null Direction Finder - The Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding -  Adcock Direction Finders - Direction Finding at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The Commutated Aerial Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders.

Radio Ranges :

The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional Range(VOR) - VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR - Recent Developments.

Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca):

Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment - Range and precision of Standard Loran - Loran- C - The Decca Navigation System - Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca
- The Omega System.

UNIT V                   METHODS OF  NAVIGATION                                                   
DME and TACAN : Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME - TACAN - TACAN Equipment.

Aids to Approach and Landing :

Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled Approach System - Microwave
Landing System(MLS).

Doppler Navigation :

The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency Equations - Track  Stabilization  -  Doppler  Spectrum -  Components of  the  Doppler  Navigation System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems.

Inertial Navigation :

Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth - Components of an Inertial Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down Systems - Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems.

Satellite Navigation System :

The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS).



1.  Merrill I- Skolnik -" Introduction to Radar Systems"- Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition)
2.   Peyton Z- Peebles:- "Radar Principles"- Johnwiley- 2004
3   J-C Toomay- " Principles of Radar"- 2nd Edition PHI- 2004

4    Nadav Levanon- Radar Signals”-1/E- IEEE Computer Society Press-2004

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